“Reason demands that the Father and Maker exercise care for that which has come into being. After all, both a father aims at the safety of his children, and a craftsman aims at the preservation of what has been constructed, using every means at their disposal to repel all that is injurious and harmful, while desiring to provide in every way that which is advantageous and profitable. BUT there is no affinity between that which did not come into being and the one who did not make it. It is a worthless and unhelpful doctrine, bringing about a power-vacuum in this cosmos, just like (what happens) in a city, because it does not then have a ruler or magistrate or judge, by whom everything is lawfully administered and regulated.”

Philo, On the Creation of the Cosmos according to Moses (trans. David Runia, Brill, 2001).

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